A child born outside the United States to a U.S. citizen parent (or parents) is eligible for U.S. citizenship if the parent(s) meets the requirements for transmitting U.S. citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act. U.S. citizens eligible to transmit citizenship are required to file for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) for their child.
The CRBA application must be made before the child’s 18th birthday, and we strongly recommend that parents apply for the CRBA as soon as possible after the child’s birth.
Please note that a CRBA is not a travel document; even if your child holds another nationality, he or she must enter and exit the United States on a U.S. passport. If you plan to travel with your child we strongly recommended that you submit an application for your child’s U.S. passport at the same time as the CRBA appointment.
Application Requirements and Documentation
Please review each of the following sections carefully, and in order, to ensure you have all the proper documentation you need in order to apply for your child’s CRBA. If you do not have all of the required documents at the time of your interview, you will be asked to reschedule a new appointment.
Do I Qualify to Transmit Citizenship to My Child?
Children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent(s) (under the age of 18) may have a claim to U.S. citizenship. The following is a brief description of the various circumstances under which a child born abroad may acquire U.S. citizenship. For further information please select the description below that best fits your family circumstances.
NOTE: All periods of residence or physical presence must have taken place prior to the birth of the child
Children under 18, born to U.S. citizens who are not eligible for U.S. citizenship as described above may still be eligible for U.S. citizenship under the Child Citizenship Act of 2000. Further information is available from the Department of State’s website.
- Child born in wedlock to two U.S. citizens
A child born outside of the United States or its outlying possessions to two U.S. citizen parents, in wedlock, is entitled to citizenship, provided one of the parents had, prior to the birth of the child, been resident in the United States or one of its outlying possessions. (No specific period of time is required.) NOTE: A child born to two U.S. citizens, out of wedlock should refer to number 3 or 4 below (whichever favorably applies)
- Child born in wedlock to one U.S. citizen parent and one non U.S. citizen parent
A child born outside of the United States to one U.S. citizen parent and one non-U.S. citizen parent (on or after November 14, 1986) may be entitled to citizenship providing the U.S. citizen parent had been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years, at least two years of which were after s/he reached the age of fourteen.
- Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. Citizen mother
A child born outside of the United States and out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen mother may be entitled to U.S. citizenship providing the U.S. Citizen mother had been physically present in the United States for a continuous period of at least one year (365 days) at some time prior to the birth of the child. (NOTE: Periods spent overseas with the U.S. government/military or as a government/military dependent, are NOT considered as physical presence in the U.S. for transmission under this category).
- Child born out of wedlock to a U.S. citizen father
A child born outside of the United States and out of wedlock to a U.S. Citizen father may be entitled to U.S. Citizenship providing the U.S. citizen father had been physically present in the United States or one of its outlying possessions for five years, at least two years of which were after he reached the age of fourteen. In addition the U.S. citizen father must acknowledge paternity and agree in writing to provide financial support for the child until s/he reaches the age of 18 years.
What Documents Do I Need to Bring?
Please bring the following completed documentation. Fill out the forms, but do not sign them; you will be required to sign many of these forms in the presence of a Consular Officer during your appointment.
- Form DS-2029 (64 KB) – Application for Consular Report of Birth Abroad
- Form DS-11 (100 KB) – Application for a Passport
- Form SS-5 (132 KB) – Application for a Social Security Number
You are required to present the forms together with the following documents. If any of the documents are not in English, please bring a translation by an authorized translator.
- Child’s birth certificate: listing both the child and parents’ information. Short form birth certificates listing just the child are not acceptable. Please bring the original and 3 photocopies of the document.
- Marriage certificate: An original or court certified copy of the marriage certificate issued by the appropriate authorities in the country in which the marriage took place. Church/Religious certificates are not acceptable. If the parents are not married, this is not required. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- Divorce or death certificate: If either parent has been married previously, they should present the original or court certified divorce decree or death certificate for all previous marriages. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- Evidence of the parent(s) U.S. citizenship. The U.S. citizen parent(s) must present his/her U.S. passport. If the U.S. citizen parent was naturalized, the original Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship is required. Please bring the original plus 3 photocopies of the bio page of the passport or Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship.
- Proof of Physical Presence in the United States of the U.S. citizen parent(s). The U.S. citizen parent(s) will be asked to present proof of their physical presence in the United States. Good examples of proof of physical presence include school records, university transcripts, tax returns, and employment records. Please refer to our website to review the physical presence requirements for transmission of citizenship and ensure you are bringing sufficient evidence to demonstrate the length of presence in the U.S. required for your circumstances.
- Passport/identification document for non-U.S. citizen parent: The non-U.S. citizen parent must bring his/her passport or other government issued photo identification document. Please bring the original and 3 photocopies of the biographic page of the document.
- Child’s passport if they have been issued one. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the biographic page of the document.
- Passport photograph for the child. One passport-sized (2×2 inch) color photograph
Application Fees (CRBA and Passport)
- Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA) – $100 USD in U.S. Dollars or Omani Rial, or credit card
- U.S. Passport for a Minor – $105 USD in U.S. Dollars or Omani Rial, or credit card
The Passport fee is a non-refundable processing fee, and is retained by the Department of State whether or not the Passport is issued. Please note: There is no expedited service available outside the United States.
Presence of Both Parents for CRBA Appointment
Both parents must authorize a CRBA and Passport for a Minor. The easiest way to accomplish this is for both parents to be physically present for the CRBA and Passport appointments.
However, if one custodial parent is not able to attend, s/he must submit a signed and notarized Form DS-3053 Statement of Consent (PDF 52.0 KB). At the time the DS-3053 form is presented, a copy of the same identity document used to notarize the form must also be provided to the Consular Officer.
Alternatively, the applying parent may furnish one of the following documents:
- Child’s birth certificate listing only applying parent;
- Adoption decree (if applying parent is sole adopting parent);
- Court Order granting sole custody to the applying parent (i.e the absent parent has no access to the child. Child’s travel must not be restricted by that order;
- Judicial declaration of incompetence of non-applying parent, or death certificate of non-applying parent.
If the parents were not married at the time of the child’s birth and the U.S. citizen father is not able to attend the appointment, the applying parent must present Form DS-5507 Affidavit of Parentage (36 KB) at the time of the interview. The form must be completed, signed and notarized, and should be presented along with a copy of the same identity document used to notarize the form.
Scheduling Your Appointment
Once you have completed all of the forms, and collected all the documents listed above, you may schedule an appointment for your child’s CRBA and Passport.
The appointment should be scheduled in the child’s name and the child is required to appear at the interview. The parent(s) may add their name as accompany once the appointment has been scheduled.